Islamic Finance Bibliography


Quran al-Kareem

Muhammad ibn Isma`il al-Bukhari, Sahih Al-Bukhari,

Abū al-Ḥusayn 'Asākir ad-Dīn Muslim ibn al-Ḥajjāj ibn Muslim, Sahih Al-Muslim

Abu Dawud Sulaymān ibn al-Ash'ath al-Azdi as-Sijistani, Sunan Abu Dawud

Abū 'Īsá Muḥammad ibn ‛Īsá as-Sulamī aḍ-Ḍarīr al-Būghī at-Tirmidhī, Sunan al-Timidhi

Abū `Abd ar-Raḥmān Aḥmad ibn Shu`ayb ibn Alī ibn Sīnān al-Nasā'ī, Sunan al- Nasā'ī

Muhammad Bin Yazeed Ibn Majah Al-Qazwini, Sunan Ibn Majah

 

A

A. Aziz, Shamrahayu. The Malaysian legal system: the roots, the influence and the future [2009] 3 Malayan Law Journal, MLJ xcii

A.U.Faruq et al.,Perception about Islamic Banking in Bangladesh [Journal of Islamic Business and Management (JIBM)]

Muhammad Ashraf and Muhammad Ismail Ramay,Lunar Calendar and Ramadan Effect on Performance of Mutual Funds in Pakistan  - [Journal of Islamic Business and Management (JIBM)]

AAOIFI. (2000). Shari’a Rules for Investment and Financing Instruments 1421H- 2000. Bahrain: Accounting and Auditing Organisation for Islamic Financial Institutions.

AAOIFI. (2003). Accounting, Auditing and Governance Standards for Islamic Financial Institutions. Manamah: The Accounting and Auditing Organization for Islamic Financial Institutions.

AAOIFI. (2004/5). Shari’ah Standards (Bahrain: AAOIFI).

AAOIFI. (2007 & 2010). Al-Maʿāyīr al-Sharʿiyyah. Bahrain: AAOIFI.

AAOIFI. (2007). Sharīʿah Standards for Islamic Financial Institutions. Manama, Bahrain: AAOIFI.

AAOIFI. (2008). al-Maʿāyīr al-Sharʿiyyah 2008- 1429H. Manama: AAOIFI.

AAOIFI. (2008, 2010). Accounting, Auditing and Governance Standards for Islamic Financial Institutions. Manama, Bahrain: AAOIFI.

AAOIFI. (2008, 2010). Sharīʿah Standards for Islamic Financial Institutions. Manama, Bahrain: AAOIFI.

AAOIFI. (2008, February). AAOIFI Sukūk Pronouncement. Retrieved December 2008, from AAOIFI: http://www.aaoifi.com/

AAOIFI. (2010) Sharīʿah Standards for Islamic Financial Institutions, Bahrain: Accounting and Auditing Organisation for Islamic Financial Institution.

AAOIFI. (2010). Accounting, Auditing and Governance Standards for Islamic Financial Institutions. Manama, Bahrain: AAOIFI.

AAOIFI. (2010). Al-Maʿāyīr Sharʿiyyah. Bahrain: AAOIFI. Al-Miʿyār al-Sharʿī.

AAOIFI. (2010). Hay’at al-Muḥasabah wa al-Murāja‘ah li al-Muassasāt al-Māliyyah al-Islāmiyyah, Manama: AAOIFI.

AAOIFI. (2010). Shariah Standards For Islamic Financial Institutions 1432H-2010. Bahrain: Accounting and Auditing Organisation for Islamic Financial Institutions.

AAOIFI. (2012). Al-Maʿāyīr al-Sharʿiyyah 2012 – 1433H. Manama: AAOIFI.

AAOIFI. Certified Shari’a Advisor and Auditor (CSAA) Textbook. Manama: the Accounting and Auditing Organization for Islamic Financial Institutions.

Abalkhail, M. and Presley, J.R. (2002). How informal risk capital investors manage asymmetric information in profit/loss-sharing contracts, in Iqbal, M. and Llewellyn, D.T. (2002), Islamic Banking and Finance, New Perspectives on Profit-Sharing and Risk. Cheltenham, UK, Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar, 111-134.

Abbas Mirakhor and Mughees Shaukat,Regime Uncertainty: Interest Rate Based Debt Financing System - [Journal of Islamic Business and Management (JIBM)]

Abbas Mirakhor, Noureddine Krichene and Mughees Shaukat,Unsustainability of the Regime of Interest-Based Debt Financing,ISRA International Journal of Islamic Finance (English Journal),

Abd Allah ibn Sulayman al-Mani,The Problem of Late Payments in Islamic Banks,,

Abd al-Qādir, A. (1982). Al-Mawsūʿah al-ʿilmiyyah wa al-ʿamaliyyah li al-bunūk al Islamiyah. Cairo: al-Ittihād al-Duwah li al-Bunūk al-Islāmiyyah.

Abd al-Raḥman al-Aṭram. (2008). Al-Ibrā’ fī al-Tamwīl al-Islāmī: Takyīfan wa Taṭbīqan, Al- Qaḍāyā al-Mu‘āṣirah fī al-Tamwīl al-Islāmī: Munāqashah fī al-Nadwah al-‘Ālamīyah li Ulamā’ al-Sharī‘ah 2006. Kuala Lumpur: Bank Negara Malaysia.

ʿAbd al-Razzāq. (1403AH). Al-Muṣannaf. Beirut: al- Maktab al-Islāmī.

ʿAbd al-Samīʿ al-Masri. (1988). Al-Maṣraf al-Islāmī ʿIlman wa ʿAmaliyyan (Islamic Banks: Theory and Practice). Cairo: Maktabat Wahbah. pp. 100-101.

Abd Hamid, Mohd Shahrulnizam. (2013). Shariah Issues in Takaful: A Brief Assessment through Literature Review and the Opinions of Industry Experts.

Abdel Haleem, M. A. S. (2004). The Quran, a new translation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Abdel Karem, R. A. (2013). The Significance of Supervision and Regulation in Islamic Finance. In: INCEIF- Abdullah Chan Seminar: The Islamic Financial Services Act 2012, Kuala Lumpur (Unpublished).

Abdel Karim, R., Archer, S. & Nienhaus, V. (2009). Takaful Islamic Insurance: Concepts and Regulatory Issues. London: John Wiley.

Abdel Magid, M. F. (1981). Theory of Islamic Banks: Accounting Implications, International Journal of Accounting.

Abdelghani Echchabi, Chaabane Oussama Houssem Eddine and Abdullah Mohamed A,Awareness about Waqf among Algerian Students: An Exploratory Study [Journal of Islamic Business and Management (JIBM)],,

AbdelKader Alaoui, Hashim Jusoh,What Drives Shariah Stock Index - Conventional Dow Jones or Interest Rate ? Evidence From Malaysia Market,ISRA Event Articles,

AbdelKader Alaoui, Hashim Jusoh,What Drives Shariah Stock Index - Conventional Dow Jones or Interest Rate ? Evidence From Malaysia Market (Slide),ISRA Event Articles,

Abdou Diaw, Obiyathulla Ismath Bacha and Ahcene Lahsasna,Incentive-Compatible Sukuk Musharakah for Private Sector Funding,ISRA International Journal of Islamic Finance (English Journal),

Abdou Diaw,Adam Ng Boon Ka,Salwana Hassan,Performance of Islamic and Conventional Exchange Traded Funds in Malaysia,ISRA International Journal of Islamic Finance (English Journal),

Abdul Ghafar Ismail & Noraziah Che Arshad. (2009). Sukuk Structure. Seminar on Sukuk and Regional Economic Development, Syari’ah Economics.

Abdul Ghafar Ismail,A Note on Future Prospect of Risk Sharing in Islamic Finance,ISRA Event Articles,

Abdul Ghani, B. (2013). Viewpoints. Journal of Emerging Economies and Islamic Research. Vol. 1(1), 1-5.

Abdul Hakim Osman & Prof. Madya Dr. Azman Mohd Nor,Kerangka dan Mekanisma Penentuan Kos Sebenar dalam Kewangan Islam,ISRA Event Articles,

Abdul Hakim Osman,Kerangka Pengurusan dan Penentuan Performance Fee,ISRA Event Articles,

Abdul Jalil, Md. & Abdul Haseeb Ansari, International Conference on Islamic Banking & Finance: Cross-border Practices & Litigations (15-16 June 2010) IIUM.

Abdul Khir, M. F. (2012). The Concept of the Time Value of Money: A Sharīʿah Viewpoint. ISRA Research Paper No. 38/2012. Kuala Lumpur: The International Sharīʿah Research Academy for Islamic Finance.

Abdul Rahim Abdul Rahman,Enhancing the Integrity of Islamic Financial Institutions in Malaysia: The Case for the Shari'ah Audit Framework,ISRA International Journal of Islamic Finance (English Journal),

Abdul Rahim Abdul Rahman,Mohamed Fairooz Abdul Khir,Romzie Rosman,Nur Ashik,Accounting Issues in the Reporting of Profit-Sharing Investment Accounts in Islamic Banks Financial Statements under IFSA 2013,ISRA International Journal of Islamic Finance (English Journal),

Abdul Rahman Dewani. (2005). Model Mikro Kredit dan Kesannya kepada Sosioekonomi Ummah di Negara Serantau. Kompilasi Prosiding Konvensyen Ar-Rahn Serantau 2002/2004. YPEIM: Kuala Lumpur.

Abdul Rahman, A. R. (2010). Islamic Accounting Theory and Practice. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: CERT Publications Sdn. Bhd.

ʿAbdul Raḥmān, Ramaḍān Ḥāfiẓ. (2005). Mawqif al- Sharīʿah min al-Bunūk, al- Muʿāmalāt al- Maṣrafiyyah wa al-TaÒmīn. Egypt: Dār al-Salām.

Abdul Rahman, Sheikh Ghazali Bin Haji. (2005). Peranan institusi Sharīʿah dalam menghadapi cabaran era globalisasi. Retrieved on 16th May 2007 at www.agc.gov. my/agc/syar/doc/kertas_kerja_YAA_datuk_sheikh_ghazali_adb_rahman_ketua_ hakim_syarie_malaysia.pdf

Abdul Rashid Muhammad,Khaleequzzaman Sana Jabeen,Analyzing Performance of Banks in Pakistan: Conventional versus Islamic Banks [Journal of Islamic Business and Management (JIBM)],,

Abdul Rauf, Feisal. (2002). Islam: A Sacred Law. Kuala Lumpur: Yayasan Dakwah Islamiah Malaysia.

Abdulaziz Goni,UAE: YOUNG, YET GROWING ISLAMIC CAPITAL MARKETS (ISRA-TR REPORT 2017),,

Abdullah, A. & Yaacob, H. (2012, August). Cases involving Islamic Banking and Finance in Malaysia: Indicators of Regulatory and Market Maturity. ISRA Bulletin, Vol. 12, pp. 4-5.

Abdullah, A., & Yaacob, H. (2012). Legal and Shariah Issues in the Application of Wakalah-Waqf Model in Takaful Industry: An Analysis. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 6 5 , 1040-1045.

ʿAbdullah, A.ʿA. (1986). Jawāz Akhdh al-Ujrah au al- ʿUmūlat fī Muqāb al-Khiṭāb al-Ḍamān. Majallat Majmaʿ al-Fiqh al-Islāmī, Vol.2, No.2, 2:1131- 1161.

Abdullah, Daud Vicary and Chee, Keon. (2010). Islamic Finance: Why it Makes Sense. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Business.

Abdullah, N. I. & Fares, D. (2012). Applications of Malaysia Deposit Insurance Corporation (MDIC) To Takaful Operators: An Analysis from the Shariah Advisors' Perspective, Information Management & Business Review. Dec 2012, Vol. 4 Issue 12, p.615-624.

Abdullah, N. I. (2010). Status and Implications of Promise (wa’d) in Contemporary Banking. Humanomics , Vol. 26, No. 2, 84-98.

Abdullah, S. Yusuf. (2009). Al-Raqābah al-Sharʿiyyah ʿalā al-Maṣārif: Ḍawābituhā wa Aḥkāmuhā, paper presented at OIC 18th Islamic Academy of Fiqh Conference, Sharjah, UAE.

ʿAbdullāh. (n.d.). Al-As-hum al-Mukhtaliṭah fī Mīzān al- Sharīʿah.

Abdullahi A. Umar, Umulkhairu H. Umar, Mahadi Ahmad, Noor Amila W. A. Zawaw,Stemming Water-Related Deaths In Sub-Saharan Africa: The Place Of Islamic Project Finance And Malaysian Contractors,ISRA International Journal of Islamic Finance (English Journal),

Abdullahi A. Umar, Umulkhairu H. Umar, Mahadi Ahmad, Noor Amila W. A. Zawaw,Stemming water-related deaths in Sub-Saharan Africa: the Place of Islamic Project Finance & Malaysian Contractors,ISRA Event Articles,

Abdul-Rahman, Y. (2010). The Art of Islamic Banking and Finance: Tools and Techniques for Community-Based Banking. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.

Abdurrahman Raden Aji Haqqi,Aplikasi Ijarah Mawsufah Fi Dhimmah (Pajakan Hadapan) Dalam Pasaran Modal (Kertas Kerja),ISRA Event Articles,

Abibullah Shamsuddin. (2005). Skim al-Rahn: Satu Model Mikro Kredit di Malaysia. Kompilasi Prosiding Konvensyen Ar-Rahn Serantau 2002/2004. YPEIM: Kuala Lumpur.

Abou-El-Fotiuh, Hany. (2010). Corporate Governance in Islamic Finance. Retrieved from http://www. articleslash.com/Finance/555054__Corporate- Governance-in-Islamic-Finance.html.

Abozaid, A. (2004). Contemporary 'Einah: Is It a Sale or Usury? Aleppo: Dār al-Muṭlaqah.

Abtani, Faisal. (March, 2007). The Prevention of Financial Crime within an Islamic Legal Framework. Economic Affairs, 27-33.

Abu al-Ḥajjāj al-Mizzi, (1980), Taḥdhīb al-Kamāl. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah. Abu al-Ḥajjāj al-Mizzi, (2002). Taḥdhīb al-Kamāl fi Asmā’ al-Rijāl. Beirut: Muassasah al-Risalah.

Abū al-Ḥusayn ʿAsākir al-Dīn Muslim ibn al-Ḥajjāj. (n.d) Saḥīḥ Muslim. Beirut: Dār Ihyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī.

Abu Backer, H. S. (2009). Critical Thought: Legislative Intervention Imperative to Support Islamic Financing on A Global Scale. Malayan Law Journal, 1, pp. lxiv- xci.

Abu Basim Mansoori,Islamic Banking in Oman: Evolution and the Unique Features [Journal of Islamic Business and Management (JIBM)],,

Abū Dāwūd, Sulaymān ibn al-Ashʿath al-Azdī. Sunan Abī Dāwūd, taḥqīq: Muḥammad Muḥyuddīn ʿAbd al-Ḥamīd. Beirut: al-Maktabah al- ʿAṣriyyah.

Abū Dāwūd, Sulaymān ibn al-Ashʿath al-Sijistānī. (n.d.). Sunan Abū Dāwūd. Beirut: Dār al-Kitāb al-ʿArabī.

Abū Ghuddah, A. S. (1986). Khiṭāb al-Ḍamān. Majallat Majmaʿ al-Fiqh al-Islāmī, Vol.2, No.2, 1105-1109.

Abū Ghuddah, A. S. (2000). Qarārāt wa Tawṣiyāt Majmaʿ al-Fiqh al-Islāmī al-Duwalī. Jeddah: Islamic Fiqh Academy.

Abū Ghuddah, A. S. (2007). Buḥūth fī al-Muʿāmālāt wa al-Asālīb al- Maṣrafiyyah al-Islāmiyyah, No. 8. Jeddah: Majmūʿat Dallah al-Barakah.

Abū Ghuddah, A. S. (2008). Al-Silaʿ al-Dawliyyah wa Ḍawābiṭ al-Taʿāmul fīhā. Presented at Nadwah al-Barakah al-Tāsiʿah wa al-ʿIshrīn li al Iqtiṣād al- Islāmī. Retrieved from http://www.isra.my/media- centre/downloads.html?task=finish&cid=91&catid =21&m=0

Abū Ghuddah, A. S. (2008, March,). Niẓām al-Taʾmīn al-Takāfulī min khilāl al-Waqf Badīlan ʿan al- Taʾmīn min Khilāl Iltizām bi al-Tabarruʿ. Paper presented at International Conference on Waqf- based Takaful. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Abu Ghuddah, A. S. (2010). Taʿahhudāt Mudīrī al-ʿAmaliyyāt al-Istithmāriyyah. Nadwat al-Barakah li al-Iqtiṣād al-Islāmī (pp. 140-163). Jeddah: al-Barakah Banking Group.

Abū Ishāq Ibrāhim al-Shātibī (2004). Al-Muwafaqat fī Usūl al-Sharīʿah, 1st ed., Shaykh ʿAbd Allāh Darrāz. Beirut-Lebanon: Dar al-Kutub al- 'Ilmiyyah

Abu Ja‘far Muḥammad b. ‘Amr al-‘Āqilī, (1984), Ḍu‘afā’ al-‘Āqilī. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al- ‘Ilmiyyah.

Abu Saud. M. (1976). Money, Interest and Qirad, Studies in Islamic Economics, in Ahmad, K. (ed.), Studies in Islamic Economics. Leicester, UK: The Islamic Foundation.

Abū Sulaymān, A.W.H. (1989). Al-Biṭāqāt al-Bankiyyah al-ʿIqrāḍiyyah wa al-Saḥb al-Mubāshir Min al-Rashīd, Dirāsat Fiqhiyyah Qānūniyyah Iqtiṣādiyyah Taḥliliyyah. Damascus: Dār al- Qalam.

Abū Sulaymān, AbdulHamid. (1998). The Theory of the Economics of Islam (I), IIUM Journal of Economics and Management, 6 (1), 79-122.

Abu Talib Mohammad Monawer and Akhtarzaite Abdul Aziz,Dispute over the Legality of Al-Ijarah Al-Mawsufah fi Al-Dhimmah: A Survey of Fiqhi Opinions,ISRA International Journal of Islamic Finance (English Journal),

Abu Umar Faruq Ahmad,Shari'ah Parameters Of Musharakah Mutanaqisah In Islamic Finance: The Experience Of Australian  Institutions Offering Islamic Financial Services,ISRA International Journal of Islamic Finance (English Journal),

Abū Zahrah, Muḥammad. (1405/1985). Buḥuth fī al-Ribā. Cairo: Dār al-Fikr al ʿArabī.

Abū Zahrah, Muḥammad. (n.d.). Al-Imām Zayd: Ḥayātuh, wa ʿAṣruh, Ārā’uh wa Fiqhuh, Cairo: Dār al-Fikr al-ʿArabī.

Abū Zayd, A. (2004). Fiqh al-Ribā. Beirut: Maktab al- Risālah.

Abū Zayd, B. (1986). Khiṭāb al-Ḍamān. Majallat Majmaʿ al-Fiqh al-Islāmī. Vol.2, No.2, 1037-1045

Abuzaid, A. (2011, December). Al-Bināʾ al-Sharʿī al- ‘Aslam li al-Taʾmīn al-Islāmī (Takāful). Paper presented at the 8th International Conference on Islamic Economics and Finance. Doha, Qatar.

Abuzaid, A. (2014, April). A Critical Shariah Review of Takaful Structures: Towards a Better Model. Paper presented at 11th Harvard University Forum for Islamic Finance. Cambridge, Mass.

ACCA and KPMG (2010). Harmonising Financial Reporting of Islamic Finance. London, United Kingdom.

ACCA and KPMG. (2012). Global Alignment: Bringing Consistency to Reporting of Islamic Finance through IFRS. London, United Kingdom.

Achmad Firdaus & Ahmad Mukhlis Yusuf,Maslahah Performa,  Maslahah Based Organization,ISRA Event Articles,

Adam Ng,CONTEXTUALIZING SOCIAL CAPITAL IN RISK SHARING (Slide),ISRA Event Articles,

Adam Ng,CONTEXTUALIZING SOCIAL CAPITAL IN RISK SHARING,ISRA Event Articles,

Adam, T. (1999). Unstable futures: controlling and creating risks in international money. Socialist Register. Retrieved from http://socialistregister.com/socialistregister.com/files/SR_1999
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Adams, D.W. and Vogel, R.C. (1986), ‘‘Rural financial markets in low-income countries: recent contoversies and lessons’’, World Development, Vol. 14 No. 4, pp. 477-87.

Adinah Jamudin,Pembiayaan Rumah â€Musyarakah Mutanaqisah,ISRA Event Articles,

Adiwarman A. Karim (2011). Penerapan Muḍārabah, Musharakah dan Musharakah Mutanaqisah di Perbankan Islam di Indonesia. Muzakarah Cendekiawan Syariah Nusantara 2011. Phuket, Thailand.

Adnan, A. & Muhammad. (2008). Agency Problems in Mudarabah Financing: The Case of Sharīʿah Rural Banks, Indonesia, in Obaidullah (eds). Islamic Finance for Micro and Medium Enterprises. Jeddah, Saudi Arabia: Islamic Research and Training Institute (IRTI). Islamic Development Bank.

AEGON Global Pensions. (2011). Ageing population in EU27 and OECD countries. Available at: http://www.aegonglobalpensions.com/Home/Clients/Ageing- population/ Access date: 09.11.2012

Aftab, M. (1986). Pakistan Moves to Islamic Banking, The Banker, June: 5760. Al-Arabi, M. A. (1966). Contemporary Banking Transactions and Islam’s Views Thereon, Islamic Review, London, May 1966: 1016.


Afzalur Rahman. (1979). Economics Doctrines of Islam Banking and Insurance Volume 4. London: The Muslim Schools Trust.

Aggarwal, R. K. & T. Yousef. (2000). Islamic Bank and Investment Financing. Journal of Money: Credit and Banking. 32(1): 93–120.

Agus, Triyanta, The Implementation of Sharīʿah Compliance in Islamic Banking: The Role of the Sharīʿah Board (Comparative Study Between Malaysia and Indonesia), Ph.D thesis, Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws, IIUM, 2008, pp. 213-214.

Ahamad Faosiy Ogunbado,Islamic Ethics of Management: Principles and Standards,ISRA Event Articles,

Ahamad Faosiy Ogunbado,Islamic Ethics of Management: Principles and Standards (Slide),ISRA Event Articles,

Ahamed Kameel Mydin Meera and Dzuljastri Abdul Razak,Home Financing through the Musharakah Mutanaqisah Contracts: Some Practical Issues,,

Ahamed Kameel Mydin Meera and Dzuljastri Abdul Razak,Islamic Home Financing through Musharakah Mutanaqisah and al-Bay Bithaman Ajil Contracts: A Comparative Analysis,,

Ahamed Kameel Mydin Meera,A Critique of the Diminishing Balance Method of Islamic Home Financing,ISRA International Journal of Islamic Finance (English Journal),

Ahamed Kameel Mydin Meera,The Case For The Islamic Gold Dinar,ISRA International Journal of Islamic Finance (English Journal),

Ahamed Kameel Mydin Meera. (2002). The Islamic gold dinar. Kuala Lumpur: Pelanduk Publications.

Ahcene Lahsasna,DEVELOPMENT OF CONCEPTS IN ISLAMIC FINANCE (ISRA-TR REPORT 2016),,

Ahcene Lahsasna,Farrukh Habib,Mohamad Akram Laldin,A Fiqhi Analysis of Tradability of Islamic Securities,ISRA International Journal of Islamic Finance (English Journal),

Ahcene Lahsasna,Hotel Investment and Financing: A Call for Shari'ah Consideration and New Methodology of Assessment and Screening,ISRA International Journal of Islamic Finance (English Journal),

Aḥmad al-Suway‘iI, (1999). Aḥkām al-Isqāṭ fī al-Fiqh al-Islāmī. Jordan: Dār al-Nafā’is.

Aḥmad b. ‘Abd Allah al-Khazrajī, (1301). Khulāṣah Tadhhīb Tahdhīb al-Kamāl fī Asmā’ al- Rijāl. Bulaq: al-Matba' al-Kubrah al-Mairiyyah.

Ahmad Azam Othman,Akhtarzaite Abdul Aziz,Rosmawani Che Hashim,An Overview of Shari'ah Issues Regarding the Application of the Islamic Letter of Credit Practice in Malaysia,ISRA International Journal of Islamic Finance (English Journal),

Aḥmad b. ‘Alī Ibn Ḥajar, (t.t). Al-Maṭālib al-‘Āliyyah bi Zawā’id al-Masānī al-Thamāniyyah. Beirūt: Dār al-Ma‘rifah.

Ahmad Bello Dogarawa,Critique of the Non-Interest Banking Framework in Nigeria,ISRA International Journal of Islamic Finance (English Journal),

Aḥmad ibn Ḥanbal (n.d.). Musnad Aḥmad ibn Ḥanbal. Cairo: Mu’assasat Qurṭubah.

Ahmad Muhammad Mahmud Nassar,The Parameters of Forward Ijarah and its Application in Financing Services in Islamic Financial Institutions (English),,

Ahmad Suhaimi Bin Yahya,Penggunaan Wa`d dalam Kontrak Buyu, Ijarah dan Syirkah : Implikasi Hukum (Malay),ISRA Event Articles,

Ahmad, A. R. Y. (2009). Al-Tawarruq: Mafhūmuhu wa Mumārasātuhu wa al-Āthār al- Iqtiṣādiah al-Mutarattabah ʿalā Tarwījih min Khilāl al-Bunūk al-Islāmiyyah. Majallah Majma' Al-Fiqh Al-Islami Li Muktamar Majma' Al-Fiqh Al-Islami. Retrieved from http://www.isra.my/media-centre/downloads.html? task= finish&cid=78&catid=20

Ahmad, A. U. F. and Hassan, M. K. (2004). The Time Value of Money Concept in Islamic Finance. The American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences. 23(1). 66-89.

Ahmad, H. (2010). Risk management assessment systems: An application to Islamic banks. Paper presented at the 3rd International Conference on Islamic Banking and Finance, 23-26 February, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Aḥmad, ibn Ḥanbal. (1999) al-Musnad, 2nd ed. Beirut: Mu’assasah al-Risālah. Al-Bayhaqī, Aḥmad ibn al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAlī. (1410H). Shuʿab al-Īmān. Beirut: Dār al- Kutub al-ʿIlmiyyah.

Ahmad, K. (2000), ‘‘Islamic finance and banking: the challenge and prospects’’, Review of Islamic Economics, Vol. 9, pp. 57-82.

Ahmad, K. (2002). ‘Islamic Ethics in a Changing Environment for Managers.’ In K. Ahmad & A. M. Sadeq (Eds.) Ethics in Business and Management: Islamic and Mainstream Approaches: 97-109. London: Asean Academic Press.

Ahmad, K. (2002). Ethics in Business and Management: Islamic and Mainstream Approaches London: ASEAN Academic Press.

Ahmad, Khurshid. (1999). Islamic Finance and Banking: The Challenge of the 21st Century. In Imtiazuddin Ahmad (ed.), Islamic Banking and Finance: The Concept, the Practice and the Challenge (pp. 7- 38). USA: Islamic Society of North America (ISNA).

Ahmad, M. (1947). Economics of Islam: A Comparative Study. Lahore: Sh. Muhammad Ashraf.

Ahmad, M. P. S. (2007). Baiʿ al-ʿInah dan Tawarruq: Kaedah dan Pendekatan Penyelesaian. In Bank Negara Malaysia (Ed.), Muzakarah Cendekiawan Syariah Nusantara 2006: Baiʿ al-ʿInah dan Tawarruq: Isu-isu dan Penyelesaiannya Dalam Konteks Kewangan Islam. Kuala Lumpur: Central Bank of Malaysia.

Aḥmad, Māyisah Kamāl ʿAbd al-Hakīm (2009). Al- Tafriṭ wa atharuhu fī al-ʿuqūd fī al-Fiqh al- Islāmī. Iskandariyyah: Dār al-Fikr al-Jāmʿī.

Ahmad, N. and S. Haron (2002). ‘Perceptions of Malaysian corporate consumers towards Islamic banking products and services’, Journal of Islamic Financial Services, 3 (4), 1-16.

Ahmad, N.H. (2011). Practices and Issues of Risk Management of Islamic Banking Institutions in Malaysia. INCEIF Malaysia.

Ahmad, Sheikh Mahmud (1952). Economics of Islam. Lahore.

Ahmad, Z. (1984). Concept and Models of Islamic Banking: An Assessment. Seminar on Islamisation of Banking, Karachi, Pakistan.

Ahmad, Z. (1994). Islamic Banking: State-of-the-Art. Islamic Economic Studies. 2(1): 1-34.

Ahmed Taha M. Al Ajlouni,Personal Cooperatives Model: Basic Concepts and Evidence From Jordan,ISRA International Journal of Islamic Finance (English Journal),

Ahmed, A. (1986). Islamic Jurisprudence in the Modern World. New Delhi: Taj Printer.

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